Prior to the introduction of absolute monarchy in the 17th century, the King of Denmark (from 1450, also King of Norway) was elected by the Council of the Realm, and his rule legitimized by the ceremony in which the clergy and nobility crowned the monarch. The first set of regalia dates from this period.
- Made in 1551, the Sword of State is the oldest item in the collection. It was made by Johann Siebe for Christian III.
- The Crown of Christian IV was made in 1595 by jeweller Didrik Fyren. Arches were added in 1648 (2) but removed during the reign of Christian V, who used the materials in his own crown. The crown is a fine example of Renaissance gildswork,
- The sword of Christian IV, which was used for accolades
One design for Christian’s crown consisted in a mitre crown, similar to the Austrian models. It was never produced.
In 1660, Frederick III of Denmark became the first Western monarch to establish absolute monarchy. As he wanted his son to be in possession of the symbols of power, Frederick commissioned a new set of crown jewels, made in 1648 for the coronation of Frederick’s successor Christian V.
- The Crown of Christian V , used in Danish anointments until 1849, was made c. 1670 by court goldsmith Paul Kurtz. It’s a closed crown, made of gold and jewelled primarly with diamonds, and also sapphires and a ruby.
- The Consort’s Crown, made in 1731 for Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg, wife of Christian VI. It’s similar in design to the crown of Christian V, but smaller and more slender.
- The sceptre, made for Frederick III in 1648. It’s made of gold and decorated with diamonds.
- Frederick III’s Sword of State was a gift from his father Christian IV on the occasion of his wedding in 1643.
- The ampulla used in the anointing ritual, made of gold, enameled with floral designs and also decorated with diamonds.
- For Christian V’s anointment, a new throne chair was made based on the description of the throne of Solomon.
Sadly, the anointing ceremony was discontinued after the establishment of a constitution in 1849. The crown jewels are now only used after the death of a monarch, placed in a catafalque prior to his/her funeral.
1. Portrait of Christian IV of Denmark by Pieter Isaacsz - c. 1615, Frederiksborg
2. Portrait of Frederick III of Denmark by Karel van Mander - 1656, Frederiksborg
3. Portrait of Frederick IV of Denmark by Benoit de Coffre - c. 1700, Frederiksborg
4. Portrait of Louise of Great Britain, Queen of Denmark, by Carl Gustaf Pilo - 1747, State Museum of Art in Copenhagen
5, 6. Portraits of Christian VII of Denmark by Peder Als (detail) and Alexander Roslin - c. 1772, Hermitage (5), Frederiksborg (6)
7. Anointing portrait of Christian VIII of Denmark and his consort Caroline Amalie of Augustenburg by Joseph-Désiré Court - 1841, State Museum of Art in Copenhagen
8. Illustrations of the Crown Jewels: The crown of Christian IV, the crown of Christian V, the consort’s crown, the sword of Frederick III and the sceptre and orb.
Source for all pictures (x)